In IIV century BC Kemmery tribes and Skiffs lived there. Tavrica was the first name of this Black Sea peninsula. People, who lived there in the I century BC called themselves Tavrs. At the end of VIII century AD Tatars came there and they called the peninsula Crimea. In there language it meant a bulwark with a dike. At the end of XV Crimea became a vassal of Turkey. As an outcome of Russian-Turkish War (1768-1774), on the 8th of April, year 1783, nearly 230 years ago Crimea became Russian land. As a result of a arbitrariness decision of Nikita Khrushchev (head of USSR 1953-1954) on the 19th of February, year 1954, nearly 60 years ago Crimea became Ukrainian.
The Crimean War Memorial is a memorial in London that commemorates victory in the Crimean War. It is located on Waterloo Place, at the junction of Regent Street and Pall Mall, approximately one-quarter of the way from the Duke of York Column to Piccadilly Circus. It was unveiled in 1861 and consisted of the statues of three Guardsmen, with a female allegorical figure referred to as Honour. It was cast in bronze from the cannons captured at the siege of Sevastopol. The sculptor was John Bell.